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Docker容器编译LNMP的实现示例

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目录
  • 一、 项目描述
  • 二、 Nginx镜像制作
  • 三、 Mysql镜像制作
  • 四、 PHP镜像制作
  • 五、 运行LNMP
  • 六、 网页查看

一、 项目描述

使用Docker容器基于centos镜像分别制作nginx镜像,mysql镜像和php镜像使用编译安装的方式,最后通过镜像启动成容器时使用container模式网络模式并访问到php测试页面

二、 Nginx镜像制作

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//拉取centos镜像
[root@Docker ~]# docker pull centos
Using default tag: latest
latest: Pulling from library/centos
a1d0c7532777: Pull complete
Digest: sha256:a27fd8080b517143cbbbab9dfb7c8571c40d67d534bbdee55bd6c473f432b177
Status: Downloaded newer image for centos:latest
docker.io/library/centos:latest
 
[root@localhost ~]# docker images
REPOSITORY   TAG       IMAGE ID       CREATED        SIZE
centos       latest    5d0da3dc9764   2 months ago   231MB
 
// 运行centos镜像
[root@localhost ~]# docker run -it --name nginx 5d0da3dc9764 /bin/bash
[root@03ca6bdc0374 /]#
 
// 传nginx安装包到容器中
[root@localhost ~]# docker cp /usr/src/nginx-1.20.1.tar.gz 03ca6bdc0374:/usr/src/
 
// 创建nginx账户
[root@03ca6bdc0374 /]# useradd -r -M -s /sbin/nologin nginx
 
// 安装依赖包
[root@03ca6bdc0374 /]# yum -y install pcre-devel openssl openssl-devel gd-devel gcc gcc-c++ make
 
// 创建nginx日志存放目录
[root@03ca6bdc0374 /]# mkdir -p /var/log/nginx
[root@03ca6bdc0374 /]# chown -R nginx.nginx /var/log/nginx/
 
// 解压nginx包进行编译安装
[root@03ca6bdc0374 /]# cd /usr/src/
[root@03ca6bdc0374 src]# ls
debug  kernels  nginx-1.20.1.tar.gz
[root@03ca6bdc0374 src]# tar xf nginx-1.20.1.tar.gz
[root@03ca6bdc0374 src]# cd nginx-1.20.1
[root@03ca6bdc0374 nginx-1.20.1]# ./configure
--prefix=/usr/local/nginx
--user=nginx
--group=nginx
--with-debug
--with-http_ssl_module
--with-http_realip_module
--with-http_image_filter_module
--with-http_gunzip_module
--with-http_gzip_static_module
--with-http_stub_status_module
--http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log
--error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log
 
[root@03ca6bdc0374 nginx-1.20.1]# make && make install
 
// 设置环境变量
[root@03ca6bdc0374 nginx-1.20.1]# echo 'export PATH=/usr/local/nginx/sbin:$PATH' > /etc/profile.d/nginx.sh
[root@03ca6bdc0374 nginx-1.20.1]# source /etc/profile.d/nginx.sh
 
// 查看监听端口
[root@03ca6bdc0374 nginx-1.20.1]# nginx
[root@03ca6bdc0374 nginx-1.20.1]# ss -antl
State  Recv-Q Send-Q  Local Address:Port   Peer Address:Port Process                                                     
LISTEN 0      128           0.0.0.0:80          0.0.0.0:*
 
[root@localhost ~]# curl 172.17.0.2
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Welcome to nginx!</title>
<style>
    body {
        width: 35em;
        margin: 0 auto;
        font-family: Tahoma, Verdana, Arial, sans-serif;
    }
</style>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Welcome to nginx!</h1>
<p>If you see this page, the nginx web server is successfully installed and
working. Further configuration is required.</p>
 
<p>For online documentation and support please refer to
<a href="http://nginx.org/" rel="external nofollow" >nginx.org</a>.<br/>
Commercial support is available at
<a href="http://nginx.com/" rel="external nofollow" >nginx.com</a>.</p>
 
<p><em>Thank you for using nginx.</em></p>
</body>
</html>
 
// 修改配置文件
[root@03ca6bdc0374 nginx-1.20.1]# vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
......
http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;
 
    #log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
    #                  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
    #                  '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
 
    #access_log  logs/access.log  main;
 
    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;
 
    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  65;
 
    #gzip  on;
 
    server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  localhost;
 
        #charset koi8-r;
 
        #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;
 
        location / {
            root   html;
            index  index.php index.html index.htm;              // 添加index.php
        }
        ......
        location ~ .php$ {
            root           /var/www/html;        // php测试页面目录
            fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;                      // 在工作中这里要改为php服务器的地址
            fastcgi_index  index.php;
            fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $Document_Root$fastcgi_script_name;
            include        fastcgi_params;
        }
 
......
daemon off; // 写最后面
 
// 重新加载配置文件
[root@03ca6bdc0374 nginx-1.20.1]# nginx -s reload
[root@03ca6bdc0374 nginx-1.20.1]# ss -antl
State  Recv-Q Send-Q  Local Address:Port   Peer Address:Port Process                                                     
LISTEN 0      128           0.0.0.0:80          0.0.0.0:* 
 
// 创建nginx镜像
[root@localhost ~]# docker commit -a '1826597954@qq.com' -c 'CMD ["/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"]' -p 03ca6bdc0374 gaofan1225/nginx:v0.1
sha256:453bfb1a13ae0aeba38e2e26ebe03e09544aa2ea8b477e45e4fb8aa51fec3e92
[root@localhost ~]# docker images
REPOSITORY         TAG       IMAGE ID       CREATED          SIZE
gaofan1225/nginx   v0.1      453bfb1a13ae   16 seconds ago   575MB
centos             latest    5d0da3dc9764   2 months ago     231MB

三、 Mysql镜像制作

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// 运行centos镜像
[root@localhost ~]# docker images
REPOSITORY         TAG       IMAGE ID       CREATED          SIZE
gaofan1225/nginx   v0.1      453bfb1a13ae   16 seconds ago   575MB
centos             latest    5d0da3dc9764   2 months ago     231MB
[root@localhost ~]# docker run -it --name mysql 5d0da3dc9764 /bin/bash
[root@3ea39d4dfa8f /]#
 
// 传mysql安装包到容器
[root@localhost ~]# docker cp /usr/src/mysql-5.7.34-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz 9b6741a9ef22:/usr/src/
 
// 安装依赖包
[root@9b6741a9ef22 /]# yum -y install ncurses-devel openssl-devel openssl cmake mariadb-devel ncurses-compat-libs
[root@9b6741a9ef22 /]# yum -y install libaio*
[root@9b6741a9ef22 /]# yum -y install numactl.x86_64
 
// 创建mysql用户
[root@9b6741a9ef22 /]# useradd -r -M -s /sbin/nologin mysql
 
// 解压安装包
[root@9b6741a9ef22 /]# cd /usr/src/
[root@9b6741a9ef22 src]# ls
debug  kernels  mysql-5.7.34-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz
[root@9b6741a9ef22 src]# tar xf mysql-5.7.34-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz -C /usr/local/
 
// 制作软链接,设置全校性
[root@9b6741a9ef22 src]# cd /usr/local/
[root@9b6741a9ef22 local]# ls
bin    include  libexec                              share
etc    lib      mysql-5.7.34-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64  src
games  lib64    sbin
[root@9b6741a9ef22 local]# ln -sv mysql-5.7.34-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64/ mysql
'mysql' -> 'mysql-5.7.34-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64/'
[root@9b6741a9ef22 local]# chown -R mysql.mysql /usr/local/mysql*
 
// 设置环境变量
[root@9b6741a9ef22 local]# echo 'export PATH=/usr/local/mysql/bin:$PATH' > /etc/profile.d/mysql.sh
[root@9b6741a9ef22 local]# source /etc/profile.d/mysql.sh
[root@9b6741a9ef22 local]# echo $PATH
/usr/local/mysql/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin
 
// 制作头文件软链接
[root@9b6741a9ef22 local]# ln -s /usr/local/mysql/include /usr/include/mysql
 
// 创建帮助文档
[root@9b6741a9ef22 local]# cat /etc/man_db.conf
MANDATORY_MANPATH                       /usr/local/mysql/man
 
// 创建库文件
[root@9b6741a9ef22 local]# cat /etc/ld.so.conf.d/mysql.conf
/usr/local/mysql/lib
[root@9b6741a9ef22 local]# ldconfig
 
// 创建数据存放目录
[root@9b6741a9ef22 local]# mkdir -p /opt/data
[root@9b6741a9ef22 local]# chown -R mysql.mysql /opt/data
[root@9b6741a9ef22 local]# ls -l /opt/
total 0
drwxr-xr-x. 2 mysql mysql 6 Dec  4 01:31 data
 
// 初始化数据库
[root@9b6741a9ef22 local]# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --initialize-insecure --user=mysql --datadir=/opt/data/
 
// 生成配置文件
[root@9b6741a9ef22 local]# cat > /etc/my.cnf <<EOF
[mysqld]
basedir = /usr/local/mysql
datadir = /opt/data
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
port = 3306
pid-file = /opt/data/mysql.pid
user = mysql
skip-name-resolve
EOF
 
// 配置mysql启动服务
[root@9b6741a9ef22 local]# sed -ri 's#^(basedir=).*#1/usr/local/mysql#g' /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server
[root@9b6741a9ef22 local]# sed -ri 's#^(datadir=).*#1/opt/data#g' /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server
 
// 启动mysql服务
[root@9b6741a9ef22 local]# /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server start
Starting MySQL.Logging to '/opt/data/9b6741a9ef22.err'.
 SUCCESS!
[root@9b6741a9ef22 local]# ss -antl
State  Recv-Q Send-Q  Local Address:Port   Peer Address:Port Process                                                     
LISTEN 0      80                  *:3306              *:*
 
// 编写mysql启动脚本
[root@9b6741a9ef22 local]# cd /
[root@9b6741a9ef22 /]# cat /start.sh
#!/bin/sh
/usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server start
 
/bin/bash
[root@9b6741a9ef22 /]# chmod +x /start.sh
 
// 创建mysql镜像
[root@localhost ~]# docker commit -a '1826597954@qq.com' -c 'CMD ["/bin/bash","/start.sh"]' -p 9b6741a9ef22 gaofan1225/mysql:v0.1
sha256:7abe6fc819127b8ef3d9ac0ea3d24aadda1b189d739e4b53416530fc79db795f
[root@localhost ~]# docker images
REPOSITORY         TAG       IMAGE ID       CREATED          SIZE
gaofan1225/mysql   v0.1      7abe6fc81912   10 seconds ago   3.81GB
gaofan1225/nginx   v0.1      453bfb1a13ae   17 minutes ago   575MB
centos             latest    5d0da3dc9764   2 months ago     231MB

四、 PHP镜像制作

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// 运行centos镜像
[root@localhost ~]# docker images
REPOSITORY         TAG       IMAGE ID       CREATED          SIZE
gaofan1225/mysql   v0.1      7abe6fc81912   10 seconds ago   3.81GB
gaofan1225/nginx   v0.1      453bfb1a13ae   17 minutes ago   575MB
centos             latest    5d0da3dc9764   2 months ago     231MB
 
[root@localhost ~]# docker run -it --name php 5d0da3dc9764
[root@c6882394804e /]#
 
// 把php安装包和依赖包传到容器中
[root@localhost ~]# docker cp /usr/src/php-8.0.12.tar.gz c6882394804e:/usr/src/
[root@localhost ~]# docker cp /usr/src/oniguruma-devel-6.8.2-2.el8.x86_64.rpm c6882394804e:/usr/src/
 
// 下载epel源和依赖包
[root@c6882394804e /]# yum -y install epel-release
 
[root@c6882394804e /]# yum -y install libxml2 libxml2-devel openssl openssl-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel  libicu-devel libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel openldap-devel  pcre-devel freetype freetype-devel gmp   gmp-devel libmcrypt libmcrypt-devel readline readline-devel libxslt      libxslt-devel mhash mhash-devel php-mysqlnd libzip-devel libsqlite3x libsqlite3x-devel oniguruma libzip-devel gcc gcc-c++ make
 
[root@c6882394804e /]# yum -y install libcurl-devel
 
// 解压php安装包进行编译安装
[root@c6882394804e /]# cd /usr/src/
[root@c6882394804e src]# ls
debug    oniguruma-devel-6.8.2-2.el8.x86_64.rpm
kernels  php-8.0.12.tar.gz
[root@c6882394804e src]# yum -y install oniguruma-devel-6.8.2-2.el8.x86_64.rpm
[root@c6882394804e src]# tar xf php-8.0.12.tar.gz
 
[root@c6882394804e src]# cd php-8.0.12
[root@c6882394804e php-8.0.12]#  ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php8
--with-config-file-path=/etc
--enable-fpm
--disable-debug
--disable-rpath
--enable-shared
--enable-soap
--with-openssl
--enable-bcmath
--with-iconv
--with-bz2
--enable-calendar
--with-curl
--enable-exif
--enable-ftp
--enable-gd
--with-jpeg
--with-zlib-dir
--with-freetype
--with-gettext
--enable-mbstring
--enable-pdo
--with-mysqli=mysqlnd
--with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd
--with-readline
--enable-shmop
--enable-simplexml
--enable-sockets
--with-zip
--enable-mysqlnd-compression-support
--with-pear
--enable-pcntl
--enable-posix
[root@c6882394804e php-8.0.12]# make && make install
 
// 设置环境变量
[root@c6882394804e php-8.0.12]# echo 'export PATH=/usr/local/php8/bin:$PATH' > /etc/profile.d/php.sh
[root@c6882394804e php-8.0.12]# source /etc/profile.d/php.sh
 
// 配置php-fpm
[root@c6882394804e php-8.0.12]# cp php.ini-production /etc/php.ini
cp: overwrite '/etc/php.ini'? y
[root@c6882394804e php-8.0.12]# cp sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm  /etc/init.d/php-fpm
[root@c6882394804e php-8.0.12]# chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm
[root@c6882394804e php-8.0.12]# cd /usr/local/php8/etc/
[root@c6882394804e etc]# cp php-fpm.conf.default php-fpm.conf
[root@c6882394804e etc]# cd php-fpm.d/
[root@c6882394804e php-fpm.d]# cp www.conf.default www.conf
 
// 查看监听端口
[root@c6882394804e php-fpm.d]# /usr/local/php8/sbin/php-fpm
[root@c6882394804e php-fpm.d]# ss -antl
State  Recv-Q Send-Q  Local Address:Port   Peer Address:Port Process                                                     
LISTEN 0      128         127.0.0.1:9000        0.0.0.0:* 
 
// 编写启动脚本
[root@c6882394804e php-fpm.d]# cd /
[root@c6882394804e /]# cat /start.sh
#!/bin/sh
/usr/local/php8/sbin/php-fpm
/bin/bash
[root@c6882394804e /]# chmod +x /start.sh
 
// 创建测试页面
[root@c6882394804e /]# mkdir -p /var/www/html
[root@c6882394804e /]# cd /var/www/html/
[root@c6882394804e html]# vi index.php
[root@c6882394804e html]# cat index.php
<?php
  phpinfo();
?>
 
// 制作php镜像
[root@localhost ~]# docker commit -a '1826597954@qq.com' -c 'CMD ["/bin/bash","/start.sh"]' -p c6882394804e gaofan1225/php:v0.1
sha256:9bb6f6ec5b7cff9b3e92bc3b2f8eb2542c963643e74642be7eace465bc2225f9
[root@localhost ~]# docker images
REPOSITORY         TAG       IMAGE ID       CREATED          SIZE
gaofan1225/php     v0.1      9bb6f6ec5b7c   15 seconds ago   1.53GB
gaofan1225/mysql   v0.1      7abe6fc81912   2 hours ago      3.81GB
gaofan1225/nginx   v0.1      453bfb1a13ae   2 hours ago      575MB
centos             latest    5d0da3dc9764   2 months ago     231MB

五、 运行LNMP

使用container模式网络模式

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[root@localhost ~]# docker ps -a
CONTAINER ID   IMAGE     COMMAND   CREATED   STATUS    PORTS     NAMES
 
// 启动nginx容器
[root@localhost ~]# docker run -dit --name nginx -p 80:80 453bfb1a13ae
a8ff680fc2bb61118d10ab1926fffed9c4975f72834d1628bf0cfff851bd7935
 
[root@localhost ~]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID   IMAGE          COMMAND                  CREATED          STATUS          PORTS                               NAMES
a8ff680fc2bb   453bfb1a13ae   "/usr/local/nginx/sb…"   16 seconds ago   Up 14 seconds   0.0.0.0:80->80/tcp, :::80->80/tcp   nginx
 
[root@localhost ~]# docker exec -it a8ff680fc2bb /bin/bash
[root@a8ff680fc2bb /]# ss -antl
State  Recv-Q Send-Q  Local Address:Port   Peer Address:Port Process                                                     
LISTEN 0      128           0.0.0.0:80          0.0.0.0:*
 
// 启动mysql容器
[root@localhost ~]# docker run -dit --name mysql --network container:a8ff680fc2bb 7abe6fc81912
e776f9e93c6ca0d8fba53957cfa9e85105913fcbe53a9400c2657127eb049c2d
 
[root@localhost ~]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID   IMAGE          COMMAND                  CREATED         STATUS         PORTS                               NAMES
e776f9e93c6c   7abe6fc81912   "/bin/bash /start.sh"    9 seconds ago   Up 8 seconds                                       mysql
a8ff680fc2bb   453bfb1a13ae   "/usr/local/nginx/sb…"   2 minutes ago   Up 2 minutes   0.0.0.0:80->80/tcp, :::80->80/tcp   nginx
 
[root@localhost ~]# docker exec -it e776f9e93c6c /bin/bash
[root@a8ff680fc2bb /]# ss -antl
State  Recv-Q Send-Q  Local Address:Port   Peer Address:Port Process                                                     
LISTEN 0      128           0.0.0.0:80          0.0.0.0:*                                                                
LISTEN 0      80                  *:3306              *:*   
 
// 启动php容器
[root@localhost ~]# docker run -dit --name php --network container:a8ff680fc2bb 9bb6f6ec5b7c
e80155914f858910ffb678a7d294e68804f735bf9a52efd21a036f7abee23bbe
 
[root@localhost ~]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID   IMAGE          COMMAND                  CREATED              STATUS              PORTS                               NAMES
e80155914f85   9bb6f6ec5b7c   "/bin/bash /start.sh"    4 seconds ago        Up 3 seconds                                            php
e776f9e93c6c   7abe6fc81912   "/bin/bash /start.sh"    About a minute ago   Up About a minute                                       mysql
a8ff680fc2bb   453bfb1a13ae   "/usr/local/nginx/sb…"   4 minutes ago        Up 4 minutes        0.0.0.0:80->80/tcp, :::80->80/tcp   nginx
 
[root@localhost ~]# docker exec -it e80155914f85 /bin/bash
[root@a8ff680fc2bb /]# ss -antl
State  Recv-Q Send-Q  Local Address:Port   Peer Address:Port Process                                                     
LISTEN 0      128         127.0.0.1:9000        0.0.0.0:*                                                                
LISTEN 0      128           0.0.0.0:80          0.0.0.0:*                                                                
LISTEN 0      80                  *:3306              *:*  

六、 网页查看

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